SAINT ROSE OF VITERBO
Even as a child, Rose had a great desire to pray and to aid the poor. While still very young, she began a life of penance in her parents’ house. She was as generous to the poor as she was strict with herself. At the age of 10, she became a Secular Franciscan and soon began preaching in the streets about sin and the sufferings of Jesus. Viterbo, her native city, was then in revolt against the pope. When Rose took the pope’s side against the emperor, she and her family were exiled from the city. When the pope’s side won in Viterbo, Rose was allowed to return. Her attempt at age 15 to find a religious community failed, and she returned to a life of prayer and penance in her father’s home, where she died in 1251. Rose was canonized in 1457.
The Church celebrates on September 5, the feast of Mother Teresa, a universal symbol of God’s merciful and preferential love for the poor and forgotten.
Mother Teresa was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu on August 26, 1910, in Skopje, Macedonia, the youngest of three children. She attended a youth group called Sodality, run by a Jesuit priest at her parish, and her involvement opened her to the call of service as a missionary nun.
She joined the Sisters of Loretto at age 17 and was sent to Calcutta where she taught at a high school. She contracted Tuberculosis and was sent to rest in Darjeeling. It was on the train to Darjeeling that she received her calling – what she called “an order” from God to leave the convent and work and live among the poor. At this point she did not know that she was to found an order of nuns, or even exactly where she was to serve. “I knew where I belonged, but I did not know how to get there,” she said once, recalling the moment on the train.
Confirmation of the calling came when the Vatican granted her permission to leave the Sisters of Loretto and fulfill her calling under the Archbishop of Calcutta. She started working in the slums, teaching poor children, and treating the sick in their homes. She was joined a year later by some of her former students and together they took in men, women, and children who were dying in the gutters along the streets and cared for them.
In 1950 the Missionaries of Charity were born as a congregation of the Diocese of Calcutta and in 1952 the government granted them a house from which to continue their service among Calcutta’s forgotten.
The congregation very quickly grew from a single house for the dying and unwanted to nearly 500 around the world. Mother Teresa set up homes for AIDS sufferers, for prostitutes, for battered women, and orphanages for poor children.
She often said that the poorest of the poor were those who had no one to care for them and no one who knew them. And she often remarked with sadness and desolation of millions of souls in the developed world whose spiritual poverty and loneliness was such an immense cause of suffering.
She was a fierce defender of the unborn saying: “If you hear of some woman who does not want to keep her child and wants to have an abortion, try to persuade her to bring him to me. I will love that child, seeing in him the sign of God’s love.”
Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997 and was beatified only six years later, on October 19, 2003.
Mother Teresa once said, “A sacrifice to be real must cost, must hurt, must empty ourselves. The fruit of silence is prayer, the fruit of prayer is faith, the fruit of faith is love, the fruit of love is service, the fruit of service is peace.” She also said, “give yourself fully to God. He will use you to accomplish great things on the condition that you believe much more in His love than in your own weakness.”
REFLECTION FOR THE DAY
It seems to me that God has placed us, the apostles, in the last place. 1 Corinthians 4:9
When 19 year old Agnes of Albania arrived in India as a novice of Loreto Congregation, she might not have thought exactly the same way as Saint Paul but on 10 September 1946 when she received “the call within the call” Agnes who became Mother Teresa definitely realized that she had to place herself in the last place to be with the last and least in the human family. And she did exactly that. Teresa experienced the dehumanizing poverty all around her and understood it was the creation of systems and philosophies that man himself made. Whether the Bengal famine of 1943 or the Hindu-Muslim violence of 1946, Mother Teresa of Calcutta realized how human beings are pushed into the last place along with being human by the same man.
In order to bring the human person and the being human to the first place Mother Teresa took the last place with the last. Whether the people in the squalor of Calcutta, war-trapped children of Beirut, earthquake victims of Armenia, the hungry in Ethiopia, the radiation victims of Chernobyl, she was always with the last. By choosing herself to be in the last place for the last and the least. Mother Teresa of Calcutta, especially during these Covid times, loudly proclaims that this is the call of every Christian who chooses to be an apostle of Christ.